Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship with a board certified professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. Goal areas may include, but are not limited to: motor skills, communication, social/interpersonal development, emotion and cognition. Music therapists work with various populations in hospitals, schools, psychiatric programs, hospice, developmental disability centers, assisted living facilities, prisons and college campuses.
The use of music therapy in the medical setting provides patients with a familiar and positive way of coping with hospitalization. Through songwriting, instrument play, singing, recording, lyric discussions and co-treatment with physical/occupational therapists and speech language pathologists, patients can manage pain, improve mood, receive support, refocus attention to a positive stimulus during a worrisome procedure, and regain a sense of control, independence, and confidence. In addition, music is clinically recognized to influence biological responses such as heart rate, blood pressure, respiration rate, cardiac output, muscle tone, pupillary responses, skin responses, the immune system, and endorphin production. While sedative music can lower anxiety, pain, tension and stress levels (resulting in less use of anesthetics and pain medication, a shorter recovery period, higher patient compliance and higher patient and family satisfaction), stimulative music can be a source of motivation both physically and psychologically, becoming a positive reinforcement during rehabilitation.
One good thing about music, when it hits you, you feel no pain.Bob Marley